Anal Health Clinic

At OIC, we understand the importance of providing comprehensive care for all aspects of our patients' health, including anal health. While routine cancer screenings are typically offered for other areas of the body during a routine visit to your primary care, this may not be the case for anal cancer. However, it is important to prioritize routine anal cancer screenings for those who are at increased risk.

Anal cancer is a relatively rare but serious cancer that can affect anyone, regardless of sexual orientation or gender. Routine screenings can help detect abnormal cells or lesions before they become cancerous, allowing for earlier intervention and better treatment outcomes.

Our healthcare professionals are trained to provide sensitive and confidential care to all our patients, and we encourage anyone who may be at risk to consider scheduling an appointment for an anal cancer screening.

Early detection and treatment of anal cancer can greatly improve outcomes, making routine screenings a crucial aspect of overall health and wellbeing. In addition, early detection and treatment of anal dysplasia can significantly reduce the progression to anal cancer.

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV, or Human Papillomavirus, is a common sexually transmitted infection that can cause various health issues, including genital warts and certain types of cancer, such as cervical, anal, and throat cancer. While many people are familiar with cervical cancer screening, it is important to note that anal HPV is also a significant health concern, particularly for certain high-risk populations.

Anal HPV can be detected through various screening methods, including anal Pap smears and HPV DNA tests. Screening is recommended for certain populations, including men who have sex with men, people with HIV, and those with a history of anal cancer or precancerous changes, and solid organ transplant recipients.

Early detection of anal HPV is important, as it can lead to early treatment and prevention of related health issues, such as anal cancer. Treatment for anal HPV and related conditions depend on the type and severity of the infection, but may include medication, surgery, and/or other interventions.

The HPV vaccine is also an effective tool in preventing certain types of HPV that can cause both cancer and anogenital warts, including some types that affect the anal region. The vaccine is recommended for children beginning at age 11 or 12 and can be given up to age 45. Vaccination, along with regular screening and safe sex practices, can greatly reduce the risk of developing HPV-related health complications.

Anal Pap Smear

Is a simple screening test used to detect abnormal cells in the anus and lower rectum.

During the test, a sample of cells from the anus and lower rectum is collected using a swab. The sample is then sent to a laboratory for analysis. The test can detect abnormal cells that may be an indication of anal cancer or precancerous changes. The collection takes less than one minute, the procedure is essentially painless, and rarely associated with discomfort!

Results typically can take up to 3 weeks to result. Your provider will discuss the results with you and discuss an appropriate treatment plan based on the findings.

Early detection of anal cancer is important for successful treatment, and Anal Pap Smears can be an effective tool in identifying abnormal cells early on. It is important to discuss with your healthcare provider whether an Anal Pap Smear is appropriate for you based on your individual risk factors.

Anal Dysplasia

Refers to the presence of abnormal cells in the anal tissue that may progress to cancer over time. The condition is typically caused by infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV) and can occur in both men and women. Symptoms of anal dysplasia may include anal bleeding, itching, or pain, but in many cases, there may be no symptoms at all.


A procedure where a small device is used to examine the inside of the anus, to detect any abnormalities or precancerous cells.

High Resolution Anoscopy (HRA)

In cases where precancerous cells are detected, a high resolution anoscopy (HRA) may be performed to provide a more detailed examination to obtain targeted biopsies for accurate diagnosis. The procedure involves the use of a high-powered microscope to visualize the anal tissues in detail, allowing for a more accurate diagnosis and targeted treatment plan.

Hemorrhoid Banding

Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus or rectum that can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding.

Hemorrhoid banding, also known as rubber band ligation, is a common and effective medical procedure that is used to treat internal hemorrhoids. During the procedure, a small rubber band is placed around the base of the internal hemorrhoid, which cuts off its blood supply and causes it to shrink and fall off. The tissue typically falls off within a few days. 99% of patients have reported no significant post-procedure pain and the procedure provides relief from symptoms such as bleeding, pain, and discomfort.

Hemorrhoid banding is a safe and effective treatment option for many. It is performed on an outpatient basis with minimal discomfort and downtime. There is no prep or sedation required, and patients may return to work the same day.